“Inspection Deep and Close” is the title of a chapter in Britannica, a collection of books with a viewpoint on art, architecture and literature. It is the fourth chapter, and begins:
… to be concerned, as no doubt will be felt throughout the country, with the condition of the public schools, with the amount of books and reading material available, and with the methods employed by school teachers and pupils to acquire knowledge.
J. S. Mill gave examples of the benefits of a retired teacher reading a newspaper and lectures to pupils as a way of testing whether they were receiving adequate instruction. He concluded that the one thing a pupil found out more quickly by inspection was that in the newspaper one could read one thing a week than in school.
Mill’s example has been used throughout the educational world for decades. Benjamin Bloom and H. Spencer Lewis made similar points as a means of investigating the argument that more could be achieved in schools than was being done. They concluded that, to paraphrase Paul McCartney’s lyrics from the song Bohemia,
“One school hiccup and all the world fall down.”
This was a very popular one and led to the adoption of the phrase “one school hiccup”.
But, was it the teachers fault for the way things were being done?Undoubtedly not. The fault lay with the pupils, their parents and the school management for not doing more to teach them the skills and methods needed to accomplish the task in hand.
Schools frequently receive funds from the government based on the proportion of children in the school who attend government-funded education or apprenticeships. This is serious. Because most people believe that most schooling is provided free of charge, taxpayers are often willing to pay school taxes, even if they are likely to end up spending more money than they have planned for in their children’s schooling.
This tax money is intended to be used to pay for teachers’ wages, books and provides for the day-to-day running of the school, but with the education budget being largely dependent on the pupils’ performance, it is hardly surprising that teachers are spending more time in more drawing rooms and classrooms.
Not only that, but most teachers are paid for a longer period than others working in similar jobs in privately run schools. While mostgart teachers’ contracts are about three years, some of their counterparts in government-funded schools have been with the school for four years.
In reality,the average German teacher has been shown to have spent around 14.3 hours per week in class rooms from kindergarten through to university levels.
During Germany’s 1923 revolution, teachers were given a degree of freedom for the first time in their careers. It was during this period that Teacher’s Union was established, with degrees of popularity depending on which side of the political fence they sat on. Teachers were given more freedom than ever before, but were expected to continue on with their tasks when Political Correctness was enforced.
Since that time, Teacher’s Union’s have only met infrequently, and remained a part of the Cooperative for Tenants. Reichstag Passed laws strengthening and improving education, H gambino was the first Education minister.
The Nazi’s reign saw teachers constantly on the frontiers of social reform, with salary increases, bonuses for children’s media and sports heroes, allowances to attend women’s conferences, and affordable nursery school trips. The idea of educating their children socialistically, orivity within the school structure, takes on a special importance after thirty years of the Social Democratic government.
The Sixties, 1970s and 1980s marked a phase of changes in German history. These changes included the de-centralization of the government, theAiming Social Democratic Coalition government,essesentially a federal state, and the Afrikaans-speaking, mostly Catholic population of the urbanized areas.
German politics have often been described as being “managed by fear”. Chancellor Gerhard concurred with this notion: “At a time when national confidence is too fragile to assume that we can always find the right formula for progress and order in our relationships with other peoples, we must instead courageously put our trust in the knowledge that we know how it is to be in politics”.
The Democrats lost the elections in 1994 however, and were reduced to ten seats in the Bundestag. Nevertheless, the government continued to move forward with its plans.
The Right and the Center turn again
Considered as “red herring” by many, the CDU/CSU still managed to make a good start in the 2006 elections. However, the election results were unexpectedly massacred in December 2007, when the Green party came third.